NIST Cybersecurity Framework – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Computer Security Glossary Terms

I. What is the NIST Cybersecurity Framework?

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework is a set of guidelines, best practices, and standards developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to help organizations manage and improve their cybersecurity posture. It provides a common language for organizations to communicate about cybersecurity risk and enables them to prioritize and manage cybersecurity risks effectively.

II. How was the NIST Cybersecurity Framework developed?

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework was developed in response to Executive Order 13636, which called for the creation of a voluntary framework to improve cybersecurity in critical infrastructure sectors. NIST worked closely with industry stakeholders, government agencies, and cybersecurity experts to develop the framework, which was first released in 2014 and has since been updated to reflect changes in the cybersecurity landscape.

III. What are the core functions of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework?

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework is based on five core functions: Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond, and Recover. These functions provide a structured approach to managing cybersecurity risk and help organizations to understand their current cybersecurity posture, protect against threats, detect cybersecurity incidents, respond to and recover from cybersecurity events.

IV. How can organizations implement the NIST Cybersecurity Framework?

Organizations can implement the NIST Cybersecurity Framework by following a structured approach that includes assessing their current cybersecurity posture, identifying gaps and vulnerabilities, developing a cybersecurity risk management plan, implementing controls and safeguards to protect against threats, monitoring for cybersecurity incidents, and responding and recovering from cybersecurity events.

V. What are the benefits of using the NIST Cybersecurity Framework?

There are several benefits to using the NIST Cybersecurity Framework, including improved cybersecurity risk management, enhanced communication and collaboration within organizations, alignment with industry best practices and standards, and increased resilience to cybersecurity threats. By implementing the framework, organizations can better protect their information assets and reduce the impact of cybersecurity incidents.

VI. How does the NIST Cybersecurity Framework help with risk management?

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework helps organizations with risk management by providing a structured approach to identifying, assessing, and mitigating cybersecurity risks. By following the framework’s guidelines, organizations can prioritize their cybersecurity efforts, allocate resources effectively, and make informed decisions about cybersecurity investments. The framework also helps organizations to monitor and measure their cybersecurity performance, enabling them to continuously improve their cybersecurity posture.