Android – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Operating Systems Glossary Terms

I. What is Android?

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google. It is based on the Linux kernel and is designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Android has become the most popular operating system for mobile devices, surpassing its competitors in terms of market share and user adoption.

II. History of Android

Android was founded by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White in October 2003. The company was later acquired by Google in 2005. The first commercial version of Android was released in September 2008, and since then, Google has been regularly updating the operating system with new features and improvements.

III. Features of Android

Android offers a wide range of features that make it a versatile and user-friendly operating system. Some of the key features of Android include:
– Customizable user interface
– Multitasking capabilities
– Support for third-party apps
– Google Assistant integration
– Google Play Store for downloading apps and games
– Cloud storage integration
– Security features such as encryption and secure boot

IV. Android Versions

Android has gone through several major updates since its initial release. Each new version of Android comes with new features, improvements, and bug fixes. Some of the most popular Android versions include:
– Android 1.5 Cupcake
– Android 2.2 Froyo
– Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
– Android 5.0 Lollipop
– Android 8.0 Oreo
– Android 10

V. Android Market Share

Android has the largest market share of any mobile operating system, with over 70% of the global market share. This dominance can be attributed to the wide range of devices that run on Android, from budget smartphones to high-end flagship devices. Android’s open-source nature also allows manufacturers to customize the operating system to suit their needs, further contributing to its popularity.

VI. Android Security

Security is a top priority for Google, and the company regularly releases updates to address security vulnerabilities in the Android operating system. Android devices come with built-in security features such as encryption, secure boot, and Google Play Protect, which scans apps for malware and other security threats. Users are also encouraged to download apps only from the official Google Play Store to minimize the risk of downloading malicious software.